Among the multitude of diseases there are purely "female" complaints. As a rule, it is mostly the beautiful half of humanity who suffer from varicose veins. According to the latest statistics, there are five women for every man with varicose veins worldwide. Maybe that's because women wear high-heeled shoes.
Varicose veins are not an easy disease. It is accompanied not only by external defects - unaesthetic protrusions of veins under the skin. The inner walls of the vessel lose their elastic properties. Over time, this leads to fatal consequences - the outflow of blood is disturbed and stagnates in the legs. The risk of a more deadly hazard - blood clots forming - increases.
Signs of varicose veins
Sometimes the disease manifests itself due to some genetic factor. The initial stage is characterized by weakness in the walls of the veins. Phlebologists, specialists in the treatment of varicose veins, identify several key factors in the development of the disease:
- Carrying a child and childbirth;
- to be overweight;
- hormonal imbalance;
- Working conditions (sitting or standing).
If you experience pain in your veins, you likely have the first stage of varicose veins. A painful symptom is caused by congestion of blood, accompanied by a constant feeling of heaviness in the legs with little daily exertion and night cramps in the calves. Other clear signs of the development of the disease are spider veins under the knees, increased swelling of the legs in the evening, increased pigmentation of the skin color, the appearance of peeling, dermatitis, eczema and trophic ulcers.
The course of varicose veins - stages of the disease
- I - the patient almost does not complain of pain and swelling. As a rule, he is more confused by cosmetic defects in the skin of the legs;
- II - stage, which is characterized by pain, heaviness and swelling in the legs, sudden nocturnal cramps of the calf muscles;
- III - there is a thickening of the subcutaneous tissue, a change in the color of the skin, the formation of small and poorly healing ulcers;
- IV - the formation of copious trophic ulcers on the calves.
A characteristic of varicose veins is a nocturnal exacerbation. The horizontal position of the body in bed causes uncomfortable pain sensations. Doctors recommend sleeping with your legs slightly raised to relieve pain. A small pillow or neck roll that you can put under your knees is ideal for this.
Detecting venous disease in its early stages is almost impossible without special medical equipment. Varicose veins are not very noticeable. The patient feels a slight heaviness in the lower extremities of the body. Such sensations are typical after physical exertion. Therefore, people do not always attach particular importance to it and attribute everything to fatigue. Although the heaviness is the first signal of varicose veins.
In most cases, people with varicose veins do not notice the barely visible "patterned network" on the legs, lower legs and thighs. Unfortunately, phlebologists also diagnose the disease when the vessels are sufficiently swollen and the skin around the "star" changes its natural colorhas.
It is better to prevent the disease than to cure it. At the first signs of varicose veins, you should definitely consult a specialist. In and of itself, this problem is not resolved, it only gets worse over time. Oddly enough, most of the patients who first find varicose veins are young girls rather than mature women. Young beauties are more attentive to changes in their body - they are ashamed of protrusions of veins on the surface of the skin. Although the girls almost ignore other non-specific symptoms. This also applies to the feeling of fullness and seizures in the legs. However, the development of inflammation of the vein walls is fraught with the formation of blood clots.
Swelling with varicose veins
Edema occurs due to a violation of venous blood outflow. Most of these phenomena in patients suffer from the lower parts of the lower leg. Each person can have an individual degree of damage to the vein walls: from subtle patterns to large venous nodules.
If treatment is delayed, the patient is at risk of dangerous complications:
- trophic changes in the skin.
The expansion of the vein walls not only causes pain, but also contributes to the congestion of blood, which is very dangerous for the entire body. It is extremely important to seek advice from a specialist in the treatment of venous diseases in a timely manner.
Edema is very characteristic of varicose veins. In the evening there is usually the feeling of rubbing your feet with shoes, which does not cause any discomfort in the morning. The presence of swelling is checked very simply - it is enough to measure the circumference of the lower leg twice a day. If the difference in thickness reaches at least one centimeter within a few days, it is worth checking the venous blood flow in the clinic immediately.
If the painful sensations subside from time to time, it does not mean that you should leave the company with a diagnosis of the disease. Varicose veins progress very quickly and cause additional, equally serious health problems.
Causes of Varicose Veins
The disease most often manifests itself in women aged 25 to 45 years. The most common causes of varicose veins are:
- congenital pathology of the vein walls;
- malfunctions of the body of a neuroendocrine and immunological nature;
- insufficiency of the venous valve system;
- mechanical obstacles to proper blood flow.
Much in the development of the disease and its exacerbation depends on the patient's lifestyle and type of activity. Timely contraction of the muscles, the heart and the negative pressure in the chest are necessary for normal blood flow to the veins. These important processes slow down when a person is constantly standing and sitting of the body - as a result, the body's vasculature suffers.
The most effective methods of treating varicose veins
Modern treatment methods are practiced. Specialists tend to use techniques without the use of a surgical scalpel. It is used:
- Removal of varicose veins with a laser;
- Radio frequency method.
The methods listed have high efficiency, low invasiveness and a short rehabilitation time after the procedures. After the manipulations performed, our patients usually do not need a phlebectomy under general anesthesia. You shouldn't endure the pain and delay treatment - it's pointless. Varicose veins in the initial stage are easily accessible to drug treatment without surgery.
How can you prevent varicose veins of the lower extremities?
The best prevention against any disease is a regular check-up by a specialist at least once a year. The phlebologist performs the necessary diagnostics to clarify the patient's diagnosis. In any case, try not to be in the sun for long periods of time, do a series of special exercises every day, and walk in the fresh air.
Another effective and inexpensive way to prevent varicose veins is to use a continuous shower and a special therapeutic massage with a therapeutic press. Lymphatic drainage pressotherapy accelerates the movement of the lymph, relieves swelling and relieves the body's venous system.