Varicose veins are more than just a cosmetic problem. These are serious changes in the tone of the walls of the veins, their thinning and expansion of the lumen of the vessels. Such changes cause stagnation of the blood, which must supply tissues with oxygen, and as a result their nutrition is disrupted. The disease will progress if you do not change your lifestyle and do not follow medical recommendations.
One of the central questions that doctor and patient always discuss: What can and cannot be done with varicose veins?
What can not be done with varicose veins?
- Massage varicose veins, rub, squeeze the places where the veins are deformed and enlarged. This can negatively affect the condition of the veins and provoke complications (thrombosis, inflammation of the walls of the veins - phlebitis).
Prohibited: cupping massage, anti-cellulite, including brushing - dry brush massage on dry skin. They damage the vein wall and increase the risk of thrombosis.
- Overheating: go to saunas, solariums or sunbathe. Excessive heat will relax an already weak vein wall.
- Self-administration of hormonal drugs is not acceptable for varicose veins of the lower extremities or veins in the pelvic area. Estrogens and progesterone in oral contraceptives or emergency drugs affect blood clotting, which threatens to cause blood to clot. Blood clots can form in the affected veins. Therefore, the use of hormone-containing drugs should be discussed with a phlebologist.
- Intensive running, physical activity, step aerobics, jumping, squatting and squatting, crossing your legs are prohibited, for example you are not allowed to sit in the lotus position. This is an excessive load on the walls of the veins, which increases their damage.
- With varicose veins on the legs, it is impossible to wear high-heeled shoes, boots with very narrow tops, narrow boots that pinch the foot, clogs and slippers in which the leg is not fixed.
- Abuse of alcohol and coffee. A substitute for coffee - chicory is also prohibited. The components of these drinks have a negative effect on the walls of the veins, reducing their tone. This increases the build-up of blood in the veins and contributes to the progression of the disease.
- Sugar, flour, ice cream, sugary drinks should be limited. These are fast carbohydrates that increase insulin and sodium levels and cause or worsen swelling.
What can and should be done about varicose veins?
- Contrast baths. Contrasting temperatures for varicose veins are useful, but it should be a foot bath or general shower. We are not talking about a sharp temperature contrast, like jumping into an ice hole after a bath.
- Foot massage. However, classic, underwater and lymphatic drainage massages are only possible at an early stage and should be carried out by a specialist.
- Raise your legs or rest in this position to relieve leg heaviness, discomfort, and swelling.
- Do a sport. But it is important to choose the right exercises: long walks, pilates, yoga. Stretching exercises and exercises that improve microcirculation, tissue nutrition, and lymphatic drainage are useful. You can ride a bike (no extreme loads).
- With varicose veins, you can wear shoes with a small (3-4 cm) stable heel, with orthopedic insoles and a stable thick sole.
- Drink up to 2–2. 5 liters of water a day to prevent dehydration and blood thickening. It helps prevent blood clots.
Varicose veins are a chronic disease
Many patients taking drugs that strengthen the vascular wall, after a while, stop experiencing unpleasant symptoms and completely forget about the restrictions. It's important to understand that varicose veins are a chronically progressive disease. You cannot stop taking prescribed medication on your own and ignore recommended lifestyle changes.