Varicose veins are a very common condition in women over the age of 30. Negligence towards this disease can lead to the development of various diseases, including heart disease. Many believe that varicose veins can only be cured through surgery. However, you are very wrong. Today there are various non-surgical methods of treating varicose veins, the use of which helps to quickly get rid of blood clots and normalize blood circulation. But which of them are really effective and which are the next tricks of the scammers? Let us talk about it.
Conservative treatment of varicose veins
Conservative treatment of varicose veins involves the use of medication. Most often these are gels and ointments that are used to remove visible venous networks. How effective are these drugs?
They really relieve swelling and heaviness in the legs and give a good cosmetic effect. But they can cure varicose veins only in the initial stages of the development of the disease. When the disease starts, only the latest methods of treating varicose veins, which include the use of radio frequencies, pressotherapy, etc. will help here.
Radiofrequency therapy for varicose veins
Radiofrequency therapy (ultrasound) is an effective way of treating varicose veins. This procedure aims to improve blood circulation and strengthen the walls of the blood vessels. It is done under local anesthesia. The doctor determines the location of the vein, makes a small puncture in it, through which a special catheter connected to the generator is inserted.
A high-frequency current is applied to the vessel walls through this catheter. In this case, the depth of penetration of the current is controlled by a specialist and can be changed during the procedure. The advantage of radiofrequency therapy is that the tissue surrounding the vein is not irradiated.
Sclerotherapy in the treatment of varicose veins
If we talk about what modern methods of treating varicose veins are really effective, then sclerotherapy cannot be overlooked. It is used to restore blood circulation in small and medium-sized veins. The procedure is also performed under local anesthesia, as follows: a specialist inserts thin needles into the area of the affected veins, through which a special drug is then injected - a sclerosant, which has a foamy texture.
This drug works like this - it burns the inner walls of the blood vessels and makes them stick together, causing the blood to stop flowing in the affected vein and flow into healthy vessels.
The procedure ends with removing the needles from the veins, treating the area with antiseptics, and applying a compression bandage, which must be worn for several months.
Endovenous laser coagulation
A modern method of treating varicose veins of the lower extremities. It helps restore the patency of the veins and normalize blood flow. Endovenous laser coagulation is also performed with local anesthetics. During this procedure, a laser light-emitting diode is inserted into a large vein, which promotes the adhesion of the affected vessels.
This directs the outflow of blood into another channel and ugly venous networks disappear from the surface of the legs. Laser therapy is completely harmless to the surrounding tissue, as it has a specific effect - only on the affected area.
As in the previous case, the procedure ends with the disinfection of the treated area and the application of a compression bandage, which should be worn for 2-3 months without removing it.
Cryotherapy in the treatment of varicose veins on the legs
Cryotherapy is the best way to treat varicose veins. It is based on the short-term effect of low temperatures on the affected veins. As a result of this action, protective functions for hypothermia are activated in the body, which contributes to the rapid regeneration of damaged cells, an increase in vascular tone and an improvement in blood circulation.
In other words, cryotherapy first causes a sharp spasm of the blood vessels, and then their sudden expansion, which helps improve blood flow. However, the disadvantage of this procedure is that the cryotherapy session has to be repeated. Depending on the condition of the varicose veins, it can take up to 5 sessions.
Ozone therapy for varicose veins
Ozone therapy in the treatment of varicose veins of the legs gives quick results. This procedure is carried out with ozone gas, which is generated by special devices - ozonizers. This contributes to the saturation of the cells with oxygen, to the activation of regenerative processes and to an improved blood circulation.
However, it is worth noting that ozone therapy also requires multiple sessions. The course of treatment depends on the degree of development of the disease. The minimum duration of treatment consists of 6 sessions, the maximum - 12.
Pressotherapy for varicose veins
Pressotherapy is a non-surgical method of treating varicose veins that incorporates the healing properties of massage and the principles of tissue drainage. During the procedure, the patient is put on a special suit that is connected to a device that supplies compressed air.
As a result of this effect, blood and lymph begin to move upwards, which activates blood flow in the affected areas. The use of this method also allows the excretion of excess fluid from the body, which exerts a strong pressure on the vessels. Usually, after the first session, patients feel a significant relief in their legs. The course of the pressotherapy treatment is also determined individually.
All of these methods of treating varicose veins have a good therapeutic effect. However, you should understand that if you do not take full responsibility for the treatment of this disease, do not perform therapeutic exercises, take medication, and follow basic principles of nutrition every time, varicose veins return and you will have to treat yourself again.